Poland shares a long border with Ukraine and for a variety reasons – geography, culture, language, history – has played the biggest role in accepting and housing refugees. With this in mind, I’ve placed Polish groups at the top. The Polish response has been amazing and heartening to watch. These are some of the main Polish organizations working to house, feed and care for refugees (to calibrate donations, $100=435 Polish złoty):
PAH has been active in Ukraine since 2014 and supports Ukrainian refugees with food and medical supplies, among many other activities.
Provides medical assistance across all territories in need.
They send medical supplies to regions in need and missions to help on the ground and have a dedicated Ukrainian donation fund.
They also have a dedicated humanitarian fund for Ukraine and all proceeds are transferred to Ukrainian charities that work locally.
Based in the southeastern Polish city of Lublin, not far from the Ukrainian border, they help to organize legal, psychological and medical assistance for incoming refugees as well as help new arrivals to find accommodation (scroll down the website for English).
Polish NGO that’s been working in Ukraine since 2015. The group is focused on helping to evacuate children and the elderly from cities under Russian attack and bringing them to safety in Warsaw.
Like Poland, Slovakia borders Ukraine and has long-standing cultural and political ties with the country. Between the two world wars, Czechoslovakia’s frontier extended into parts of modern-day Ukraine (Zakarpatska oblast), meaning that some of the very oldest residents here were at one time Czechoslovak citizens. For this section on recommended Slovak aid organizations, I’m partly indebted to former American diplomat Keith Eddins, who kindly left a comment and suggestions on this post (for calibrating donations, $100=90 euros).
"Who Will Help Ukraine" is an association of leading NGOs and civil-society groups providing food and hygiene parcels as well as drinking water to threatened populations in Ukraine. Offers emotional support for children dealing with war trauma and logistical support for refugees once they’ve crossed into Slovak territory.
The Slovak branch of this highly respected Czech NGO (see "Czech Republic" below) is focused primarily on supporting refugees directly on the Slovak-Ukrainian border.
Supplies badly needed medicines and supports the work of doctors on the ground in Ukraine.
I would naturally have placed Ukraine, where the need for assistance is greatest, at the top of the list. The problem is I don’t have many direct contacts with local organizations there (maybe readers could help me update my list?). The Ukraine Crisis Media Center website offers a good roundup of local groups. Here are two suggestions for helping people in Ukraine directly (for calibrating donations, $100=3,000 Ukrainian hryvnia):
A nonprofit run by a baker who makes fresh bread, soup and other foods to hand out to those in need in Kyiv for free.
This group works directly with the Ukrainian military, delivering thermal-vision cameras, night-vision goggles and other supplies, including medicines.
Lonely Planet, the guidebook publisher for which I’ve written guides in the past, has targeted two Ukrainian groups (below) to support and serve as a model for readers who may want to do the same. Find Lonely Planet’s company statement on supporting Ukraine here:
Local English-language newspaper doing critical on-the-ground reporting for a world-wide readership.
A 501(c)(3) nonprofit focused on raising awareness and providing humanitarian aid to Ukraine.
Romania has the longest border with Ukraine (640km, 400 miles) of all EU/NATO-member countries. The main crossing, at Siret, links Romania directly to the large western-Ukrainian city of Chernivtsi (Czernowitz). Many refugees also make their way to Romania through neighboring Moldova. My Romanian friends tell me the UNHCR refugee statistics significantly under-count the number of new arrivals to Romania. For this list, I’m indebted to Monica Suma, my friend and travel-writer colleague based in Bucharest. (For calibrating donations, $100=450 Romanian lei):
Highly recommended NGO focusing on creating digital solutions, including building a highly useful, multilingual platform for Ukrainians coming to Romania.
Runs a multilingual aggregator website where refugees can easily find the kind of support -- accommodation, food, transportation, etc -- they need at the moment. To support this site, click the donation button at the top of the page: “I want to help.”
Cluj-based organization focusing on efforts to restore peace and to provide humanitarian assistance, including necessary supplies and transportation, to those fleeing the fighting.
Led by Romanian chef Adi Hădean, this group works with World Central Kitchen (see "Moldova" below) to provide hot meals at the border. Hadean posts updates to his personal Instagram account. Find donation options, including via PayPal, on the left side of the webpage.
Raising money to provide transportation, accommodation and food for refugees. They work in collaboration with the Romanian travel site Vola.
This tiny, relatively poor country — bilingual in Romanian and Russian — borders southwestern Ukraine. It’s taken in the most refugees per capita yet lacks the resources to provide sustainable care. Moldova was the site of an earlier separatist war in the early ‘90s that killed several hundred people. It remains de facto divided and vulnerable to this day. Recommended groups here include ($100=1,800 Moldovan lei):
Organization of return Peace Corps volunteers raising money to support shelters around the country and provide food, water, hygiene products, clothes and toys for children.
Serving hot meals to people in need on the Polish border with Ukraine as well as in Hungary, Romania and in the Moldovan capital of Chișinău.
The Czech Republic does not share a border with Ukraine, nevertheless Ukrainians know the country well and many people have family and friends here. Around 300,000 Ukrainians made their way to Prague and other large cities after the war started and many chose to stay. The Czech Republic has an impressive NGO infrastructure and the donation process is secure and highly developed. The website Darujme.cz contains a list of leading NGOs operating both locally and directly in Ukraine. Prague.eu, Prague’s main tourist website, has published a helpful article on how people who love the city can help in efforts to provide assistance. Leading relief groups based in the Czech Republic include the following ($100=2,300 Czech koruna):
This organization has been active in Ukraine for years as part of the “Memory of Nations” oral-history project. It’s now working to provide medicines, protective vests, helmets, gloves, sleeping bags, tents, radios, batteries, drones, infrared technology and food to help Ukrainians defend themselves.
Arguably the Czech Republic’s best-known and most-effective aid group. “Člověk v tísni” -- through its “SOS Ukraine” campaign -- has a large contingent in Ukraine and is doing good work there.
The local Czech chapter of this Catholic charity is working with long-term partner, Caritas Ukraine, on providing food, water, sanitation and shelter to populations in Ukraine immediately impacted by the war.
Donations go to support animal shelters in Ukraine and purchases of feed, leashes, collars and crates for border crossings. The group also supports animal welfare in bordering regions outside Ukraine (to assist animals brought out of the country).
Russia presents a challenging donation environment. Russia's war in Ukraine, of course, also adversely affects Russia and individual Russians. Russophobia is a natural human reaction to the atrocities, but it's ultimately unhelpful. The most effective way of countering the Kremlin’s pro-war propaganda is to support one of the few independent media groups that still serve Russians who want to know what is really happening. Meduza is one of the best:
A friend and former journalist colleague who spent years living in Ukraine said this about Meduza: “It’s an absolutely vital (independent) source of information inside Russia (via Telegram and VPNs).”
The big international aid organizations are a crucial part of the overall effort. These larger groups are particularly important in helping smaller countries like Moldova, which have accepted large numbers of refugees but lack the resources to offer sustainable support. Perhaps the most visible of these is the UN’s own refugee agency, UNHCR.
“The Washington Post” last year published a helpful article aimed at American readers who want to support war-relief efforts but who may not know about or be familiar with the many smaller, local organizations. For readers here who may not subscribe to the newspaper, I have reprinted and paraphrased the article here:
This well-known group has partnered with “People in Need” (see above) and plans to build a fund to reach four million people, especially families, women, girls and the elderly.
Has partnered with volunteers in Ukraine to secure access for people to health-care facilities and medicines.
This U.S.-based crowdfunding platform has launched a “Ukraine Crisis Relief Fund” page, where donations support humanitarian assistance in affected areas of Ukraine and surrounding regions.
According to its website, the IRC is on the ground in Poland and working to help displaced families. The site offers helpful suggestions on how one can assist Ukraine.
Geneva-based group has been working in Ukraine since 2014 to supply emergency assistance and support hospitals with medical equipment.
(I have also written on this blog about the special historical significance of watching the Russian invasion of Ukraine unfold from the Czech Republic. Find the story here.)